In contrast, Western Essex tends to be more suburban and affluent.
Within this region are some of the most diverse and racially integrated municipalities in the state and nation, including Montclair, West Orange, South Orange and Maplewood.
Essex County is a county in the northeastern part of the U. In 2015, the county had a per capita personal income of $60,030, the eighth-highest in New Jersey and ranked 153rd of 3,113 counties in the United States.
As of the 2016 Census estimate, the county's population was 796,914, making it the state's third-most populous county, It is part of the New York Metropolitan Area.
The wide area of Eastern Essex has significant pockets of high population, high building density, high poverty, and high crime rates.
Within this general area however are many stable, mixed and middle-income areas of diverse populations.
Essex was originally formed as one of four administrative districts within Province of East Jersey in 1675, together with Bergen, Middlesex and Monmouth districts.
Essex County was formed within East Jersey on March 7, 1683.
Newark has since then become one of the fastest growing cities in the entire Northeast, This is a turnaround from the deterioration and abandonment experienced in the post-riot 1970s, 1980s and early part of the 1990s.
Crime in this part of the county has traditionally been among the highest in the state and the country as well, but recently has also seen significant declines, mirroring its large neighbor to the east, New York City.
In 1857, Union County was created from parts of Essex County.